دوره 7، شماره 3 - ( Autumn 2017 -- 1396 )                   جلد 7 شماره 3 صفحات 157-162 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Adib Hesami M, Karimi N, Sokhangoee Y, Abolhasani H, Hosseinzadeh S. Effect of One Session of Static Stretch of Shoulder Muscles on the Performance of Throwing in Wheelchair Athletes of Throwing Discus, Shot Put, and Javelin Sport. PTJ. 2017; 7 (3) :157-162
URL: http://ptj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-318-fa.html
ادیب حسامی مصلح الدین، کریمی نورالدین، سخنگویی یحیی، ابوالحسنی حمید، حسین زاده سمانه. Effect of One Session of Static Stretch of Shoulder Muscles on the Performance of Throwing in Wheelchair Athletes of Throwing Discus, Shot Put, and Javelin Sport. فصلنامه فیزیک درمانی. 1396; 7 (3) :157-162

URL: http://ptj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-318-fa.html


1- دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی
چکیده:   (210 مشاهده)

Purpose: In recent years, many people show interest to Paralympics competition because it is dedicated to athletes with disabilities. In order to affect the throwing, static stretching can be applied on the two muscles, i.e. pectoralis major and latissimus dorsi that play an important role in the arm acceleration phase. Normally, before sport activities, static stretching is applied. Stretching increases the flexibility that is effective in the throwing. The important point is the effect of this type of stretching on the throwing function, which is a combination of muscular strength, range of motion and productive torque. This study is going to examine this issue.
Methods: In this study, 45 disabled male athletes (15 discus throwers, 15 shot put throwers, and 15 javelin throwers) participated. Before stretching, each athlete did 3 throws, then a static stretching session consisting of 5 sets of 30 seconds stretching followed by 30 seconds of rest between each set, was performed. One minute after the stretching, the athletes did throwing 3 more times. Stretch was of the static type applied on the pectoralis major and latissimus dorsi muscles.
Results: Based on study results, no significant change was observed in the amount of throw before and after the stretching (Discus: P=0.47, Shot put: P=0.46, Javelin: P=0.14).
Conclusion: Considering data analysis, one session of static stretching of pectoralis major and latissimus dorsi muscles does not create a significant change in the magnitude of throw in disabled athletes engaged in discus, shot put, and javelin throw.

متن کامل [PDF 533 kb]   (87 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي
دریافت: ۱۳۹۶/۱/۲۱ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۶/۶/۳ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۶/۷/۹

فهرست منابع
1. Ozmen T, Yuktasir B, Yildirim NU, Yalcin B, Willems ME. Explosive strength training improves speed and agility in wheelchair basketball athletes. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte. 2014; 20(2):97-100. [DOI:10.1590/1517-86922014200201568] [DOI:10.1590/1517-86922014200201568]
2. Chow JW, Chae WS, Crawford MJ. Kinematic analysis of shot-putting performed by wheelchair athletes of different medical classes. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2000; 18(5):321-30. [DOI:10.1080/026404100402386] [PMID] [DOI:10.1080/026404100402386]
3. Chow JW, Kuenster AF, Lim YT. Kinematic analysis of javelin throw performed by wheelchair athletes of different functional classes. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine. 2003; 2(2):36-46. [PMID] [PMCID] [PMID] [PMCID]
4. Chow JW, Mindock LA. Discus throwing performances and medical classification of wheelchair athletes. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1999; 31(9):1272-9. [DOI:10.1097/00005768-199909000-00007] [PMID] [DOI:10.1097/00005768-199909000-00007]
5. Maynard FM, Bracken MB, Creasey GJ, Ditunno JF, Donovan WH, Ducker TB, et al. International standards for neurological and functional classification of spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 1997; 35(5):266-74. [DOI:10.1038/sj.sc.3100432] [PMID] [DOI:10.1038/sj.sc.3100432]
6. Tweedy S, Bourke J. IPC athletics classification project for physical impairments: Final report—stage 1. Bonn: IPC Athletics. 2009.
7. Kibler WB, Kuhn JE, Wilk K, Sciascia A, Moore S, Laudner K, et al. The disabled throwing shoulder: Spectrum of pathology: 10-year update. Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic & Related Surgery. 2013; 29(1):141-61. [DOI:10.1016/j.arthro.2012.10.009] [DOI:10.1016/j.arthro.2012.10.009]
8. Levangie PK, Norkin CC. Joint structure and function: A comprehensive analysis. Philadelphia: FA Davis; 2011. [PMID] [PMID]
9. Young WB, Behm DG. Should static stretching be used during a warm-up for strength and power activities? Strength & Conditioning Journal. 2002; 24(6):33-7. [DOI:10.1519/00126548-200212000-00006] [DOI:10.1519/00126548-200212000-00006]
10. Behm DG, Chaouachi A. A review of the acute effects of static and dynamic stretching on performance. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2011; 111(11):2633-51. [DOI:10.1007/s00421-011-1879-2] [PMID] [DOI:10.1007/s00421-011-1879-2]
11. O'connor D, Crowe M, Spinks W. Effects of static stretching on leg power during cycling. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 2006; 46(1):52-6. [PMID] [PMID]
12. Borstad JD, Ludewig PM. Comparison of three stretches for the pectoralis minor muscle. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 2006; 15(3):324-30. [DOI:10.1016/j.jse.2005.08.011] [PMID] [DOI:10.1016/j.jse.2005.08.011]
13. Bandy, WD, Irion JM. The effect of time on static stretch on the flexibility of the hamstring muscles. Physical Therapy. 1994; 74(9):845-50. [DOI:10.1093/ptj/74.9.845] [PMID] [DOI:10.1093/ptj/74.9.845]
14. McHugh MP, Cosgrave C. To stretch or not to stretch: The role of stretching in injury prevention and performance. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2010; 20(2):169-81. [PMID] [PMID]
15. Weerapong P, Hume PA, Kolt GS. Stretching: Mechanisms and benefits for sport performance and injury prevention. Physical Therapy Reviews. 2004; 9(4):189-206. [DOI:10.1179/108331904225007078] [DOI:10.1179/108331904225007078]
16. Wang YT, Ford III HT, Ford Jr HT, Shin DM. Three-dimensional kinematic analysis of baseball pitching in acceleration phase. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 1995; 80(1):43-8. [DOI:10.2466/pms.1995.80.1.43] [PMID] [DOI:10.2466/pms.1995.80.1.43]
17. Reid DC, Burnham RS, Saboe LA, Kushner SF. Lower extremity flexibility patterns in classical ballet dancers and their correlation to lateral hip and knee injuries. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 1987; 15(4):347-52. [DOI:10.1177/036354658701500409] [PMID] [DOI:10.1177/036354658701500409]
18. Proske U, Morgan D. Do cross-bridges contribute to the tension during stretch of passive muscle. Journal of Muscle Research & Cell Motility. 1999; 20(5-6):433-42. [DOI:10.1023/A:1005573625675] [PMID] [DOI:10.1023/A:1005573625675]
19. Proske U, Morgan D. Muscle damage from eccentric exercise: Mechanism, mechanical signs, adaptation and clinical applications. The Journal of Physiology. 2001; 537(2):333-45. [DOI:10.1111/j.1469-7793.2001.00333.x] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1111/j.1469-7793.2001.00333.x]
20. Whitehead NP, Weerakkody NS, Gregory JE, Morgan DL, Proske U. Changes in passive tension of muscle in humans and animals after eccentric exercise. The Journal of Physiology. 2001; 533(2):593-604. [DOI:10.1111/j.1469-7793.2001.0593a.x] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1111/j.1469-7793.2001.0593a.x]
21. Zapartidis I, Skoufas D, Vareltzis I, Christodoulidis T, Toganidis T, Kororos P. Factors influencing ball throwing velocity in young female handball players. The Open Sports Medicine Journal. 2009; 3(1):39-43. [DOI:10.2174/1874387000903010039] [DOI:10.2174/1874387000903010039]
22. Hong DA, Cheung TK, Roberts EM. A three-dimensional, six-segment chain analysis of forceful overarm throwing. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 2001; 11(2):95-112. [DOI:10.1016/S1050-6411(00)00045-6] [DOI:10.1016/S1050-6411(00)00045-6]
23. Pawels, J. The relationship between somatic development and motor ability, and throwing velocity in handball for secondary school students. Paper Presented at the International Congress of Physical Activity Science. 11-16 July 1976; Quebec, Canada.
24. Skoufas D, Kotzamanidis C, Hatzikotoylas K, Bebetsos G, Patikas D. The relationship between the anthropometric variables and the throwing performance in handball. Journal of Human Movement Studies. 2003; 45(5):469-84.
25. Kendall FP, McCreary EK, Provance PG, Rodgers MM, Romani WA. Muscles: Testing and function, with posture and pain (Kendall, Muscles). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005.
26. Stipcak D, Matelik J, Fogg J, Niekum D. The effects of stretching shoulder musculature on throwing velocity [PhD dissertation]. Pennsylvania, California: California University of Pennsylvania); 2006.
27. Nelson RT, Bandy WD. An update on flexibility. Strength & Conditioning Journal. 2005; 27(1):10-6. [DOI:10.1519/00126548-200502000-00001] [DOI:10.1519/00126548-200502000-00001]
28. González-Ravé JM, Machado L, Navarro-Valdivielso F, Vilas-Boas JP. Acute effects of heavy-load exercises, stretching exercises, and heavy-load plus stretching exercises on squat jump and countermovement jump performance. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2009; 23(2):472-9. [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e318198f912] [PMID] [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e318198f912]
29. Hamilton NP. Kinesiology: Scientific basis of human motion. Chicago: Brown & Benchmark; 2011.
30. Evetovich TK, Nauman NJ, Conley DS, Todd JB. Effect of static stretching of the biceps brachii on torque, electromyography, and mechanomyography during concentric isokinetic muscle actions. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2003; 17(3):484-8. [DOI:10.1519/00124278-200308000-00009] [DOI:10.1519/00124278-200308000-00009]
31. Haag SJ, Wright GA, Gillette CM, Greany JF. Effects of acute static stretching of the throwing shoulder on pitching performance of national collegiate athletic association division III baseball players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2010; 24(2):452-7. [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181c06d9c] [PMID] [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181c06d9c]
32. Fujimoto M. The relationship between shoulder stretching and throwing velocity in high school baseball players [PhD dissertation]. Pennsylvania, California: California University of Pennsylvania; 2008.
33. Knudson DV, Noffal GJ, Bahamonde RE, Bauer JA, Blackwell JR. Stretching has no effect on tennis serve performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2004; 18(3):654-6.[DOI:10.1519/13553.1] [DOI:10.1519/13553.1]
34. Torres EM, Kraemer WJ, Vingren JL, Volek JS, Hatfield DL, Spiering BA, et al. Effects of stretching on upper-body muscular performance. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2008; 22(4):1279-85. [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e31816eb501] [PMID] [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e31816eb501]

ارسال نظر درباره این مقاله : نام کاربری یا پست الکترونیک شما:
CAPTCHA code

ارسال پیام به نویسنده مسئول


کلیه حقوق این وب سایت متعلق به فیزیک درمانی- نشریه تخصصی فیزیوتراپی می باشد.

طراحی و برنامه نویسی : یکتاوب افزار شرق

© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Physical Treatments - Specific Physical Therapy Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb