Authors Guidelines

The Journal of "Physical Treatments" is a peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal. It is a scientific platform for all scholars engaged in the use of physical, non-medical or surgical methods for the management of problems in patients with disabilities. Researchers and clinicians are welcome to publish and share their valuable ideas and findings, from basic theories to treatment protocols and techniques in the field of physical therapy.

Submission of a manuscript to PTJ must constitute of original research not previously published or not currently being considered for publication elsewhere. Manuscripts submitted under multiple authors are reviewed on the assumption that all listed authors have agreed on the submission and that a copy of the final manuscript has been approved by all authors. Manuscripts are first reviewed by the section editors to ensure their appropriateness and relevance to the framework of the journal. The manuscript would then be peer-reviewed by related experts. If accepted, the article shall not be published elsewhere without the consent of the Editors and Publisher.
Manuscripts of length up to a maximum of 4500 words will be considered for publication. Articles should be written in English and double-spaced with wide margins. The text should be saved as a Microsoft Word document in single-column format, including line numbers. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. The layout and style should adhere strictly to the instructions given and in particular, the reference style of the PTJ. The author(s) must declare that all experiments on human subjects were conducted with the adequate understanding and written consent of the subjects. When experimental animals are used, the methods section must clearly indicate that adequate measures were taken to minimize pain or discomfort. All animal experiments must be approved by the local animal care and use committees. 
Submission items include Cover Letter, Reviewer Suggestions (at least 3), and a Manuscript including title page, abstract, main text, acknowledgments, references, and tables/figure legends, tables, and figures. 
Authors should submit their manuscripts online using the PTJ website: For further information, please contact us at 

Title Page: 
This page should contain the following items:
  • Title of the article (preferably no chemical formulas or arbitrary abbreviations);
  • Full names of all authors;
  • Complete affiliations of all authors;
  • Number of pages (including figures, tables, and their captions) and number of figures and tables;
  • running title: A maximum of 40 characters with spaces should be provided
the name and complete address of the corresponding author (as well as telephone number, E-mail address, and if available URL address) to whom correspondence and proofs should be sent. 

  • An abstract of up to 250 words should clearly describe the Purpose, Methods, Results, and Conclusions of the study
  • Keywords: A minimum of 3 and maximum of 6 keywords or phrases should be provided, preferably using the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms or from the body of the text. 
Main text:
In general, the main text of the manuscript should be organized as follows: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, and References. The used materials and methods  including the study design, sampling, data collection, and data analysis must be precisely stated, so that the others could repeatedly do the experiment. 

The authors are responsible for the accuracy of bibliographic information. Citations in the text should be done by using numbers between brackets and in order of appearance in the text. All references cited in the text should be listed at the end of the manuscript by numbers on a separate page. 
Reference to a journal publication: 
First and second initial, author’s last name, Article title, Journal Title. Year; volume(issue): page number(s).
Example: Biondi DM. Physical treatments for headache: a structured review. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain. 2005; 45(6):738-46.
Reference to a book: 
First and second initial, author’s last name, Book Title. Place of publication: Publisher, year, page number(s). 
Example: Chen WK. Handbook of Physical treatments. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1993, pp. 123-35. 
For more information on the journal referencing guideline, please click here.

  • Illustrations will appear either across a single column (8 cm) or a whole page (15 cm). The illustrations should be numbered in Arabic numerals according to the sequence of appearance in the text, where they are referred to as Figure 1, Figure 2, etc;
  • Figure legends should be concise and clear and should not duplicate the body of the text;
  • Each illustration must have a title and an explanatory legend. The title should be part of the legend and not be reproduced on the Figure itself. The legends should appear on a separate page at the end of the manuscript; 
  • All symbols and abbreviations used in the Figure must be explained. Also, please indicate their appropriate locations in the manuscript. 
  • Tables should be so constructed that they, together with their captions and legends, will be intelligible with minimal reference to the text. Tables of numerical data should each be typed (with double spacing) on a separate page, numbered in sequence in Arabic numerals (Table 1, 2, etc.) and referred to in the text as Table 1, Table 2, etc. The title of the table should appear above it.
  • A detailed description of table contents and footnotes should be given below the body of the table. Also, please indicate their appropriate locations in the manuscript.
  • Authors will receive proofs by email. Only printer's errors may be corrected; no change in, or additions to the edited manuscript will be allowed at this stage. The corrected proofs must be returned within 72 hours after receipt by email. If the Publisher receives no reply, the assumption will be made that there are no errors to correct and the article will be published. 
  • Reprints: A total of 3 reprints of each paper will be provided free of charge to the author(s). 

Highlights provide readers with an at-a-glance overview of the main findings of your article. Think of them as a quick snippet of the results—short and sweet. In Highlights sections, the author should provide a brief summary of the key results written as 3-5 bullets. Each Highlight must be 85 characters or fewer, including spaces, and the Highlights together must clearly convey only the results of the study.
Plain Language Summary:
In this section, you have to provide a Plain Language Summary for the article in 200-300 words. Consider that Plain Language Summary is different from abstract and it has to be written for non-specialists. To provide it, consider the following points: 1. think about your audience (e.g. journalists, science-interested public), 2. Get rid of jargon, 3. Explain what the study is about. Remember, others will need more context about what you studied, 4. Explain what you found, 5. Explain why this matters. Discuss the importance of these findings not just in terms of their implications for your field but in terms of their relevance to the public.
Authors’ contribution
In this section, you have to provide the contributor role of each author on these divisions:
Conceptualization, Methodology, Software, Validation, Formal Analysis, Investigation, Resources, Data Curation, Writing – Original Draft Preparation, Writing – Review & Editing, Visualization, Supervision, Project Administration, Funding Acquisition.
Example: Conceptualization, Author names [A, B, C, or all authors]; Methodology, Author names [A, B, C, or all authors]; Investigation, Author names [A, B, C, or all authors]; Writing – Original Draft, Author names [A, B, C, or all authors]; Writing – Review & Editing, Author names [A, B, C, or all authors]; Funding Acquisition, Author names [A, B, C, or all authors]; Resources, Author names [A, B, C, or all authors]; Supervision, Author names [A, B, C, or all authors]


The PTJ is committed to apply ethics of publication, based on the COPE’s Code of Conduct and Best Practices. Also, in medical studies, PTJ has engaged to apply ethics of research, based on Declaration of Helsinki: Statement of Ethical Principles for Medical Research. So, the research’s ethical considerations must be addressed in the Materials and Methods section.  For more information on the journal’s ethical principles, please refer to following links:

PTJ’s Principles of Publishing Ethics
PTJ’s Ethical Principles for Medical Research

The PTJ, as a journal published by Negah Institute for Scientific Communication, has accepted all terms and conditions of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) on plagiarism. So, in any case of plagiarism, which is brought to the journal editors’ attention and accompanied with convincing evidence, we act based on the COPE flowcharts and workflows. Meanwhile, to detect and prevent plagiarism in the journal articles, all submissions are checked via  iTheticate software in both stages of submission and acceptance.

Conflicts of interest:  
The PTJ, as a journal published by Negah Institute for Scientific Communication, is committed to apply the ICMJE recommendation on “Author Responsibilities—Conflicts of Interest  in authors’ conflict of interest issues.
Authors should disclose, at the time of submission, information on financial conflicts of interest or other interests that may influence the manuscript. Authors should declare sources of funding for the work undertaken, too. So, completion and signing the 
ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest is necessary for all authors and the articles submission won’t be accepted without filling this form.

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