Volume 7, Issue 1 (Spring 2017)                   PTJ 2017, 7(1): 3-12 | Back to browse issues page

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Nasirzade A, Sadeghi H, Mokhtarinia H R, Rahimi A. A Review of Selected Factors Affecting Gait Symmetry. PTJ. 2017; 7 (1) :3-12
URL: http://ptj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-256-en.html
1- PhD Candidate Department of Sports Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Sports Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.Department of Sports Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Physiotherapy, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Physiotherapy, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (871 Views)

Purpose: Because walking is the main activity of humans for movement, many research studies have been conducted to understand its details. One of the main issues in this regard is gait symmetry and the effect of various factors on it. Accordingly, the present study aimed to review the selected factors affecting gait symmetry.
Methods: A literature review was performed on articles published from 2000 to 2016 using Science Direct, Google scholar, PubMed, Ovid Medline, Scopus and Medline databases. The search keywords were “gait asymmetry”, “bilateral coordination”, “bilateral asymmetry”, “limb dominance”, “laterality”, “limb preference” and “performance asymmetry.”
Results: A total of 60 scientific articles were selected according to the research criteria by searching the relevant articles published from 2000 to 2016 in reliable scientific databases.
Conclusion: A review of the previous studies shows that walking in normal people is asymmetric in terms of the lower limb function. Also, limb disorder due to the illness and or disorder creates gait asymmetry. Therefore, regaining perfect symmetry or decreasing gait asymmetry by exercise and intervention in such individuals is considered a method to examine the success of rehabilitation process. However, as factors like movement speed and age can affect gait asymmetry, they should be controlled during the examination of gait asymmetry. Moreover, this information could be useful for gait assessment, clinical prescriptions for patients with abnormalities, designing orthosis and prosthesis, as well as improving the performance of athletes.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/11/13 | Accepted: 2017/02/4 | Published: 2017/04/1

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