Volume 7, Issue 3 (Autumn 2017)                   PTJ 2017, 7(3): 133-140 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Norouzi E, Hosseini F S, Mikaeli Manee F. The Relationship Between Physical Self-Efficacy and VO2 max in Healthy Weight Versus Overweight Female Adolescents in Tehran. PTJ 2017; 7 (3) :133-140
URL: http://ptj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-331-en.html
1- Department of Motor Behavior and Sport Events Management, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.
2- Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.
Abstract:   (3268 Views)
Purpose: Overweight or obese children and adolescents face a lack of confidence in their physical abilities, and show poorer motor and fitness performances, compared to healthy weight peers. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the relationship between physical self-efficacy and VO2 max in healthy weight versus overweight female adolescents.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional correlational study. The relationship between physical self-efficacy and aerobic capacity was examined in 60 Healthy Weight (HW) and 60 Overweight (OW) adolescent girls with a sedentary lifestyle in Iran. They were selected through cluster sampling method. The participants filled out a physical self-efficacy questionnaire developed by Ryckman et al. and underwent a treadmill progressive running test to determine their maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) using a gas analyzer system. Independent t test was used to analyze data regarding between-group differences, whereas Fisher Z test was used to compare the calculated Pearson correlation coefficient between both outcome measures of OW vs. HW participants. SPSS version 24 was used for data analysis.
Results: The results indicate that HW girls have higher physical self-efficacy, perceived physical ability and physical self-presentation confidence (P≤0.01). In addition, they have higher VO2  max (t=11.72, df=118, P=0.001). Results also show a significant positive relationship between the maximum oxygen consumption (VO2 max) and physical self-efficacy in both groups (HW: r=0.77, P=0.001; OW:r=0.64, P=0.001), with a significantly stronger association found in the HW adolescent girls (z=2.21, P=0.03).
Conclusion: The findings confirm that OW adolescent girls have a significantly lower physical self-efficacy and poor performance on Bruce treadmill test; therefore, the special attention should be paid to psychological factors in the prevention of obesity in adolescence.
Full-Text [PDF 585 kb]   (1569 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (1506 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/03/15 | Accepted: 2017/07/20 | Published: 2017/10/1

1. Colella D, Morano M, Robazza C, Bortoli L. Body image, perceived physical ability, and motor performance in nonoverweight and overweight Italian children. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 2009; 108(1):209-18. [DOI:10.2466/pms.108.1.209-218] [PMID] [DOI:10.2466/pms.108.1.209-218]
2. Tremblay MS, Katzmarzyk PT, Willms JD. Temporal trends in overweight and obesity in Canada, 1981-1996. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders. 2002; 26(4):538-43. [PMID] [DOI:10.1038/sj.ijo.0801923] [PMID]
3. Wardle J, Cooke L. The impact of obesity on psychological well-being. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 2005; 19(3):421-40. [DOI:10.1016/j.beem.2005.04.006] [PMID] [DOI:10.1016/j.beem.2005.04.006]
4. Olds T, Maher C, Zumin S, Péneau S, Lioret S, Castetbon K, et al. Evidence that the prevalence of childhood overweight is plateauing: Data from nine countries. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity. 2011; 6(5-6):342-60. [DOI:10.3109/17477166.2011.605895] [PMID] [DOI:10.3109/17477166.2011.605895]
5. Morano M, Colella D, Rutigliano I, Fiore P, Pettoello-Mantovani M, Campanozzi A. Changes in actual and perceived physical abilities in clinically obese children: A 9-month multi-component intervention study. PLOS One. 2012; 7(12):e50782. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0050782] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0050782]
6. Deforche B, De Bourdeaudhuji IM, Tanghe AP. Attitude toward physical activity in normal weight, over weight and obese adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2006; 38(5):560-68. [DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2005.01.015] [PMID] [DOI:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2005.01.015]
7. Gentier I, D'Hondt E, Shultz S, Deforche B, Augustijn M, Hoorne S, et al. Fine and gross motor skills differ between healthy-weight and obese children. Research in Developmental Disabilities. 2013; 34(11):4043-51. [DOI:10.1016/j.ridd.2013.08.040] [PMID] [DOI:10.1016/j.ridd.2013.08.040]
8. D'Hondt E, Deforche B, Gentier I, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Vaeyens R, Philippaerts R, et al. A longitudinal analysis of gross motor coordination in overweight and obese children versus normal-weight peers. International Journal of Obesity. 2013; 37(1):61-7. [DOI:10.1038/ijo.2012.55] [PMID] [DOI:10.1038/ijo.2012.55]
9. D'Hondt V, Deforche B, Vaeyens R, Vandorpe B, Vandendriessche J, Pion J, et al. Gross motor coordination in relation to weight status and age in 5 to 12 year-old boys and girls: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity. 2011; 6(3):e556-64. [DOI: 10.3109/17477166.2010.500388] [PMID] [DOI:10.3109/17477166.2010.500388]
10. D'Hondt E, Deforche B, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Lenoir M. Relationship between motor skill and body mass index in 5-to 10-year-old children. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly. 2009; 26(1):21-37. [DOI:10.1123/apaq.26.1.21] [DOI:10.1123/apaq.26.1.21]
11. Carr D, Friedman MA. Is obesity stigmatizing? Body weight, perceived discrimination, and psychological well-being in the United States. Journal of Health and Social Behavior. 2005; 46(3):244-59. [DOI:10.1177/002214650504600303] [PMID] [DOI:10.1177/002214650504600303]
12. Harter S. Self-perception profile for children: (Revision of the perceived competence scale for children). Denver: Universidad de Denver; 1985. [PMCID]
13. Robinson LE, Stodden DF, Barnett LM, Lopes VP, Logan SW, Rodrigues LP, et al. Motor competence and its effect on positive developmental trajectories of health. Sports Medicine. 2015; 45(9):1273-84. [DOI:10.1007/s40279-015-0351-6] [PMID] [DOI:10.1007/s40279-015-0351-6]
14. Stodden DF, Goodway JD, Langendorfer SJ, Roberton MA, Rudisill ME, Garcia C, et al. A developmental perspective on the role of motor skill competence in physical activity: An emergent relationship. Journal of Quest. 2008; 60(2):290-306. [DOI:10.1080/00336297.2008.10483582] [DOI:10.1080/00336297.2008.10483582]
15. Bandura A. Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review. 1977; 84(2):191-215. [DOI:10.1037/0033-295X.84.2.191] [PMID] [DOI:10.1037/0033-295X.84.2.191]
16. Bandura A. Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall; 1986.
17. Nicholls JG. Achievement motivation: Conceptions of ability, subjective experience, task choice, and performance. Psychological Review. 1984; 91(3):328-46. [DOI:10.1037/0033-295X.91.3.328] [DOI:10.1037/0033-295X.91.3.328]
18. O'Dea JA. School-based health education strategies for the improvement of body image and prevention of eating problems: An overview of safe and successful interventions. Health Education. 2005; 105(1):11-33. [DOI:10.1108/09654280510572277] [DOI:10.1108/09654280510572277]
19. Morano M, Colella D, Robazza C, Bortoli L, Capranica L. Physical self‐perception and motor performance in normal‐weight, overweight and obese children. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2011; 21(3):465-73. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.01068.x] [PMID] [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.01068.x]
20. Morano M, Colella D, Capranica L. Body image, perceived and actual physical abilities in normal-weight and overweight boys involved in individual and team sports. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2011; 29(4):355-62. [DOI:10.1080/02640414.2010.530678] [PMID] [DOI:10.1080/02640414.2010.530678]
21. Truter L, Pienaar AE, Toit DD. Relationships between overweight, obesity and physical fitness of nine-to twelve-year-old South African children. South African Family Practice. 2010; 52(3):227-33. [DOI:10.1080/20786204.2010.10873979] [DOI:10.1080/20786204.2010.10873979]
22. Brien SE, Katzmarzyk PT, Craig CL, Gauvin L. Physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index as predictors of substantial weight gain and obesity: The Canadian physical activity longitudinal study. Canadian Journal of Public Health. 2007; 98(2):121-4. [PMID]
23. Schubert MM, Washburn RA, Honas JJ, Lee J, Donnelly JE. Exercise volume and aerobic fitness in young adults: the Midwest Exercise Trial-2. Springer Plus. 2016; 5(1):1-9. [DOI:10.1186/s40064-016-1850-0] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1186/s40064-016-1850-0]
24. Feltz DL, Short SE, Sullivan PJ. Self-efficacy in sport. Champaign: Human Kinetics; 2008.
25. Black NE, Vehrs PR, Fellingham GW, George JD, Hager R. Prediction of VO2 max in children and adolescents using exercise testing and physical activity questionnaire data. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 2016; 87(1):89-100. [DOI:10.1080/02701367.2015.1124969] [PMID] [DOI:10.1080/02701367.2015.1124969]
26. Rudolph H, Blueher S, Falkenberg C, Neef M, Körner A, Würz J, et al. Perception of body weight status: A case control study of obese and lean children and adolescents and their parents. Obesity Facts. 2010; 3(2):83-91. [DOI:10.1159/000295495] [PMID] [DOI:10.1159/000295495]
27. Shepherd BA. Predicting maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max) levels in adolescents [MSc. thesis]. Utah: Brigham Young University; 2012.
28. Ulrich BD. Perceptions of physical competence, motor competence, and participation in organized sport: Their interrelationships in young children. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 1987; 58(1):57-67. [DOI:10.1080/02701367.1987.10605421] [DOI:10.1080/02701367.1987.10605421]
29. Ryckman RM, Robbins MA, Thornton B, Cantrell P. Development and validation of a physical self-efficacy scale. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1982; 42(5):891-900. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.42.5.891] [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.42.5.891]
30. Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. The BMJ. 2000; 320(7244):1240. [DOI:10.1136/bmj.320.7244.1240] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1136/bmj.320.7244.1240]
31. Norton K, Olds T, Olive S, Craig N. Anthropometry and sports performance. In: Norton K, Olds T, editors. Anthropometrica. Kensington: UNSW Press; 1996.
32. Slaughter MH, Lohman TG, Boileau R, Horswill CA, Stillman RJ, Van Loan MD, et al. Skinfold equations for estimation of body fatness in children and youth. Human Biology. 1988; 60(5):709-23. [PMID] [PMID]
33. Bruce R, Kusumi F, Hosmer D. Maximal oxygen intake and nomographic assessment of functional aerobic impairment in cardiovascular disease. American Heart Journal. 1973; 85(4):546-62. [DOI:10.1016/0002-8703(73)90502-4] [DOI:10.1016/0002-8703(73)90502-4]
34. Kraus RM, Stallings HW, Yeager RC, Gavin TP. Circulating plasma VEGF response to exercise in sedentary and endurance-trained men. Journal of Applied Physiology. 2004; 96(4):1445-50. [DOI:10.1152/japplphysiol.01031.2003] [PMID] [DOI:10.1152/japplphysiol.01031.2003]
35. Borg G. Borg's perceived exertion and pain scales. Champaign: Human Kinetics; 1998.
36. Southall JE, Okely AD, Steele JR. Actual and perceived physical competence in overweight and nonoverweight children. Pediatric Exercise Science. 2004; 16(1):15-24. [DOI:10.1123/pes.16.1.15] [DOI:10.1123/pes.16.1.15]
37. Sung RY, Yu CW, So RC, Lam PK, Hau KT. Self-perception of physical competences in preadolescent overweight Chinese children. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2005; 59(1):101-6. [DOI:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602044] [PMID] [DOI:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602044]
38. Franklin J, Denyer G, Steinbeck KS, Caterson ID, Hill AJ. Obesity and risk of low self-esteem: A statewide survey of Australian children. Pediatrics. 2006; 118(6):2481-7. [DOI:10.1542/peds.2006-0511] [PMID] [DOI:10.1542/peds.2006-0511]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Physical Treatments - Specific Physical Therapy Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb