Volume 8, Issue 2 (Summer 2018)                   PTJ 2018, 8(2): 85-92 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Amiri Jomi Lou R, Bahiraei S, Daneshmandi H. The Effect of an 8-Week Pilates Program on Performance Test Scores of Adolescents With Intellectual Disability. PTJ. 2018; 8 (2) :85-92
URL: http://ptj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-216-en.html
1- Department of Sport Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran.
Abstract:   (2067 Views)

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effect of an 8-week program of selected Pilates exercises on the performance test scores of male adolescent students with mild (teachable) Intellectual Disability (ID). 
Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study with a pretest-posttest and control group design. Study participants consisted of 30 individuals with ID. The study subjects were 10- to 15-year-old male students who were randomly selected by the convenience sampling method from the students of special schools in Parsabad City, Iran. The subjects were randomly assigned to the control (15 subjects) and experimental (15 subjects) groups. A set of tests were used as the performance test. The experimental group’s exercise program included Pilates exercises. The subjects performed the exercises for 8 weeks (3 sessions per week). The Independent t test and Paired t test were used to analyze the data.
Results: In the experimental group, the results of this study revealed a significant difference in star excursion to extension (P=0.001), star excursion to abduction (P=0.004), vertical jump (P=0.001), 3 times single-leg jump (P=0.001), shuttle run (P=0.001), and stair sprints (P=0.003) after performing the exercises (P=0.05). However, there were no significant differences in star excursion to flexion (P=0.13) and single-leg jump (P=0.18) in the experimental group and the results of all tests in the control group (P≥0.05). 
Conclusion: Pilates exercises seem to improve the balance and function of lower limbs in individuals of the ID group.

Full-Text [PDF 471 kb]   (792 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (334 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/02/5 | Accepted: 2018/03/25 | Published: 2018/07/1

1. Mashhadi M, Ghasemi Gh, Zolaktaf V. [The effects of combined training exercise on thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis of mentally retarded adolescents (Persian)]. Journal of Research in Rehabilitation Sciences. 2011; 8(1):191-201.
2. Mercati M. Thai massage manual: Platural theraphy for flexibitity relaxation and energy balance [H Darvishzadeh., J Darvishzadeh Persian trans.]. Tehran: Publication of the Olympic National Committee; 2007.
3. Ghaffarpour y. [The assessment of scoliosis changes after a period of corrective exercises (Persian)] [MSc. thesis]. Gilan: University of Gilan; 2007.
4. Mashhadi M. [The effects of physical exercise on health-related physical fitness and angles of thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis of mentally retarded adolescents (Persian)] MSc. thesis]. Isfahan: University of Isfahan; 2011.
5. Fadaei M. The effect of selective movement program on the development of basic motor skills in educable mentally retarded girls 7-10 years old (Persian)] [MA. Thesis]. Tehran: University of Tehran; 2009.
6. Kajbaaf M, Mansour M, Egeie J, Parirokh D. [The assessment of diagnosis of mental retardation, according to Piaget tests and Lambert adaptive behavior scale (Persian)]. Journal of Psychology. 2000; 12:341-57.
7. Lee M, Burgeson C, Fulton J, Spain CG. 2007. [Physical Education and Physical Activity: From the School Health Policies and Programs Study (Persian)]. Journal of School Health. 2007; 77(8):435-63. [DOI:10.1111/j.1746-1561.2007.00229.x] [PMID] [DOI:10.1111/j.1746-1561.2007.00229.x]
8. Robinson NM, Robinson HL, Gilbert S. Mentally retarded child [F Maher, Persian trans.]. Mashhad: Astan Quds Razavi Publications; 2006.
9. Hallahan D, kauffman, J. Exceptional children: Introduction to special education [H Saberi, MM Hamid, Persian trans.]. Mashhad: Astan Quds Razavi Publications; 2007.
10. Bernardo LM. The effectiveness of Pilates training in healthy adults: An appraisal of the research literature. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. 2007; 11(2):106-10. [DOI:10.1016/j.jbmt.2006.08.006] [DOI:10.1016/j.jbmt.2006.08.006]
11. Smith K, Smith E. Integrating pilates-based core strengthening into older adult fitness programs: Implications for practice. Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation. 2005; 21(1):57-67. [DOI:10.1097/00013614-200501000-00007] [DOI:10.1097/00013614-200501000-00007]
12. Merrithew M, Della Pia S, Dubeau L. Comprehensive Matwork. Ontario: Merrithew International Incorporated; 2001.
13. Nezakat Alhusseini M, Mohammadi Dinani Z, Esfarjani F, Etemadifar M. 2012. [The effect of eight weeks pilates training on motor function and depression in patients with multiple sclerosis (Persian)]. Research in Rehabilitation Sciences. 2013; 9(2):308-17.
14. Kumar R. 2012. Effect of 8 week pilates exercise taining program on speed of untrained male youth boys. Academic Sports Scholar. 2013; 2(12):1-6.
15. Irez GB, Ozdemir RA, Evin R, Irez SG, Korkusuz F. Integrating Pilates exercise into an exercise program for 65+ year-old women to reduce falls. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine. 2011; 10(1):105-11. [PMID] [PMCID] [PMID] [PMCID]
16. Naseri, N, Fakhari, Z, Senobari, M. and Sadria, G. [The relationship between core stability and lower extremity function in female athletes (Persian)]. Modern Rehabilitation. 2012; 6(2):1-9.
17. Atri B, Shafie M. [Pilates exercise (Principles of Science Kntrology) (Persian)]. Tehran: Talia; 2007.
18. Caldwell K, Harrison M, Adams M, Triplett NT. Effect of Pilates and Taiji Quan training on self-efficacy, sleep quality, mood, and physical performance of college students. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. 2009; 13(2):155-63. [DOI:10.1016/j.jbmt.2007.12.001] [PMID] [DOI:10.1016/j.jbmt.2007.12.001]
19. Johnson EG, Larsen A, Ozawa H, Wilson CA, Kennedy KL. The effects of Pilates-based exercise on dynamic balance in healthy adults. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. 2007; 11(3):238-42. [DOI:10.1016/j.jbmt.2006.08.008] [DOI:10.1016/j.jbmt.2006.08.008]
20. Panahi M. [The effects of 8 weeks training pilates on balance and gait kinematic parameters of deaf learners (Persian)] [MSc. Thesis]. Tehran: Allameh Tabataba'i University; 2014.
21. Yukselen A, Dogan O, Turan F, Cetin Z, Ungan M. 2008. Effects of exercises for fundamental movement skills in mentally retarded children. Middle East Journal of Family Medicine; 6(5):249-52.
22. Bahiraei, S., Daneshmandi, H., Sedaghati, P. [The effect of a selective combined training program on motor performance, balance and muscle strength in boys with Down Syndrome (DS) (Persian)]. Journal of Paramedical Sciences & Rehabilitation. 2017; 6(4):40-45. [DOI:10.22038/jpsr.2017.18646.1473]
23. Johnson EG, Larsen A, Ozawa H, Wilson CA, Kennedy KL. The effects of Pilates-based exercise on dynamic balance in healthy adults. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. 2007; 11(3):238-42. [DOI:10.1016/j.jbmt.2006.08.008] [DOI:10.1016/j.jbmt.2006.08.008]
24. Carmeli E, Zinger-Vaknin T, Morad M, Merrick J. Can physical training have an effect on well-being in adults with mild intellectual disability? Mechanisms of Ageing and Development. 2005; 126(2):299-304. [DOI:10.1016/j.mad.2004.08.021] [PMID] [DOI:10.1016/j.mad.2004.08.021]
25. Shahrjerdi SH, Golpayegani M, Daghaghzadeh A, Karami A. [The effect of pilates-based exercises on pain, functioning and lumbar lordosis in women with non-specific chronic low back pain and hyperlordosis (Persian)]. ZUMS Journal. 2014; 22(94):120-31.
26. Shanazari Z, Marandi SM, Samie S. Effect of 12-week pilates trainning on edss in women suffering from multiple sclerosis. Armaghan-e Danesh. 2013; 18(1):10-18.
27. Golpaygani M, Mahdavi S, Moradi L. [The effects of a pilates training program on the function and pain of patients with disc herniation with lumbosciatalgia (Persian)]. Sport Medicine. 2013; 7(17):41-53.
28. Buchner DM, Cress ME, de Lateur BJ, Esselman PC, Margherita AJ, Price R, Wagner EH. The effect of strength and endurance training on gait, balance, fall risk, and health services use in community-living older adults. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences. 1997; 52(4):M218-24. [PMID] [DOI:10.1093/gerona/52A.4.M218] [PMID]
29. Brown M, Holloszy JO. Effects of walking, jogging and cycling on strength, flexibility, speed and balance in 60-to 72-year olds. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research. 1993; 5(6):427-34. [PMID] [DOI:10.1007/BF03324197]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2021 All Rights Reserved | Physical Treatments - Specific Physical Therapy Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb