Volume 7, Issue 1 (Spring 2017)                   PTJ 2017, 7(1): 29-34 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Tavahomi M, Shanbehzadeh S, Abdollahi I. Comparing the Effect of Fatigue on Choice Reaction Time of Healthy Men and Women. PTJ. 2017; 7 (1) :29-34
URL: http://ptj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-251-en.html
1- Department of Physiotherapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Physiotherapy, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (5645 Views)

Purpose: Reaction time is a good indicator of coordination between sensory motion and individual performance. It is the time interval from perceiving sudden stimulus until the reaction to that stimulus. One of the factors affecting reaction time is fatigue. Considering the different characteristics of fatigue in men and women, this study aimed to compare the effect of fatigue on the choice reaction time between men and women.
Methods: The present study has quasi-experimental design with pretest and posttest. A total of 16 healthy men and 16 healthy women within the age range of 18 to 35 years participated in this study. For measuring the reaction time and fatigue, 4-choice reaction time test and Borg Scale were used, respectively. To induce muscle fatigue, the stretch-shortening cycle protocol, which involves consecutive jumps in repetitive short and ascending cycles were used. When the participants’ attempts score to perform the protocol reached 15 or more, execution of the protocol was terminated and the test of the choice reaction time was administered using visual stimulus. Reaction time was recorded in both modes before and after the fatigue. Descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation), and inferential statistics (correlated t test and covariance analysis) were used to analyze the obtained data. Statistical analyses were performed with SPSS 19.
Results: There was no significant difference between the choice reaction time of men and women before and after fatigue (P>0.05). Although, after fatigue, the mean score of the participants’ reaction time increased in both men and women groups, this difference was not statistically significant.
Conclusion: Fatigue had no significant impact on the choice reaction time of non-athlete healthy men and women. And despite different fatigue characteristics in men and women, no difference was observed in the choice reaction time between two groups. It seems that the exhaustion perceived by the participants was the result of peripheral fatigue, not central fatigue.

Full-Text [PDF 504 kb]   (2077 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (5199 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/12/10 | Accepted: 2017/03/1 | Published: 2017/04/1

1. Solanki J, Joshi N, Shah C, HB M, PA G. A study of correlation between auditory and visual reaction time in healthy adults. International Journal of Medicine and Public Health. 2012; 2(2):36–8. doi: 10.5530/ijmedph.2.2.8 [DOI:10.5530/ijmedph.2.2.8]
2. Magill RA, Anderson DI. Motor learning and control: Concepts and applications. New York: McGraw Hill; 2007.
3. Der G, Deary IJ. Age and sex differences in reaction time in adulthood: Results from the United Kingdom Health and Lifestyle Survey. Psychology and Aging. 2006; 21(1):62–73. doi: 10.1037/0882-7974.21.1.62 [DOI:10.1037/0882-7974.21.1.62]
4. Turhanoğlu AD, Beyazova M. Reaction time and movement time in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome: An electromyographic study. Clinical Biomechanics. 2003; 18(5):380–4. doi: 10.1016/s0268-0033(03)00053-6 [DOI:10.1016/S0268-0033(03)00053-6]
5. Milner AD. Chronometric analysis in neuropsychology. Neuropsychologia. 1986; 24(1):115–28. doi: 10.1016/0028-3932(86)90045-x [DOI:10.1016/0028-3932(86)90045-X]
6. Kosinski RJ. A literature review on reaction time. Clemson: Clemson University; 2008.
7. Millet GY. Can neuromuscular fatigue explain running strategies and performance in ultra marathons. Sports Medicine. 2011; 41(6):489–506. doi: 10.2165/11588760-000000000-00000 [DOI:10.2165/11588760-000000000-00000]
8. Lepers R, Maffiuletti NA, Rochette L, Brugniaux J, Millet GY. Neuromuscular fatigue during a long-duration cycling exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology. 2001; 92(4):1487–93. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00880.2001 [DOI:10.1152/japplphysiol.00880.2001]
9. Lepers R, Hausswirth C, Maffiuletti N, Brisswalter J, van Hoecke J. Evidence of neuromuscular fatigue after prolonged cycling exercise. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2000; 32(11):1880–6. doi: 10.1097/00005768-200011000-00010 [DOI:10.1097/00005768-200011000-00010]
10. Abdolvahabi Z, Bonab SS, Rahmati H, Naini SS. The effects of ankle plantar flexor and knee extensor muscles fatigue on dynamic balance of the female elderly. World Applied Sciences Journal. 2011; 15(9):1239-45.
11. Abd Elfattah HM, Abdelazeim FH, Elshennawy S. Physical and cognitive consequences of fatigue: A review. Journal of Advanced Research. 2015; 6(3):351–8. doi: 10.1016/j.jare.2015.01.011 [DOI:10.1016/j.jare.2015.01.011]
12. Fitts R. Selected from the third IOC world congress on sport sciences, muscle fatigue: The cellular aspects. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 1996; 24(6):32-8.
13. Pierce PA. Fatigue: Neural and muscular mechanisms. Berlin: Springer Science & Business Media; 2013.
14. Gandevia SC. Spinal and supraspinal factors in human muscle fatigue. Physiological Reviews. 2001; 81(4):1725-89. PMID: 11581501 [DOI:10.1152/physrev.2001.81.4.1725] [PMID]
15. Nicol C, Avela J, Komi PV. The stretch shortening cycle. Sports Medicine. 2006; 36(11):977–99. doi: 10.2165/00007256-200636110-00004 [DOI:10.2165/00007256-200636110-00004]
16. Komi PV. Stretch shortening cycle: A powerful model to study normal and fatigued muscle. Journal of Biomechanics. 2000; 33(10):1197–206. doi: 10.1016/s0021-9290(00)00064-6 [DOI:10.1016/S0021-9290(00)00064-6]
17. Seen KS, Mohd Tamrin SB, Meng GY. Driving fatigue and performance among occupational drivers in simulated prolonged driving. Global Journal of Health Science. 2010; 2(1). doi: 10.5539/gjhs.v2n1p167 [DOI:10.5539/gjhs.v2n1p167]
18. Hawkins RD. The association football medical research programme: An audit of injuries in professional football. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2001; 35(1):43–7. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.35.1.43 [DOI:10.1136/bjsm.35.1.43]
19. Gabbett TJ. Incidence, site, and nature of injuries in amateur rugby league over three consecutive seasons. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2000; 34(2):98–103. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.34.2.98 [DOI:10.1136/bjsm.34.2.98]
20. Arcelin R, Brisswalter J, Delignieres D. Effect of physical exercise duration on decisional performance. Journal of Human Movement Studies. 1997; 32(3):123.
21. Wikstrom EA, Powers ME, Tillman MD. Dynamic stabilization time after isokinetic and functional fatigue. Journal of Athletic Training. 2004; 39(3):247. PMCID: PMC522147 [PMID] [PMCID]
22. Hicks AL, Kent Braun J, Ditor DS. Sex differences in human skeletal muscle fatigue. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews. 2001; 29(3):109–12. doi: 10.1097/00003677-200107000-00004 [DOI:10.1097/00003677-200107000-00004]
23. Behrens M, Mau Moeller A, Wassermann F, Bruhn S. Effect of fatigue on hamstring reflex responses and posterior anterior tibial translation in men and women. PLoS ONE. 2013; 8(2):e56988. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0056988 [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0056988]
24. Kernozek TW, Torry MR, Iwasaki M. Gender differences in lower extremity landing mechanics caused by neuromuscular fatigue. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2008; 36(3):554–65. doi: 10.1177/0363546507308934 [DOI:10.1177/0363546507308934]
25. Moore BD, Drouin J, Gansneder BM, Shultz SJ. The differential effects of fatigue on reflex response timing and amplitude in males and females. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 2002; 12(5):351–60. doi: 10.1016/s1050-6411(02)00032-9 [DOI:10.1016/S1050-6411(02)00032-9]
26. Kasaian A, Kianzadeh A, Tayyebi Sani SMR, Abdi H, Fahiminejad A. [Comparing the simple and choice reaction times by male and female athletes (Persian)]. Journal of Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences. 2010; 17(4):294-300.
27. Dykiert D, Der G, Starr JM, Deary IJ. Sex differences in reaction time mean and intraindividual variability across the life span. Developmental Psychology. 2012; 48(5):1262–76. doi: 10.1037/a0027550 [DOI:10.1037/a0027550]
28. Knipper M, Van Dijk P, Nunes I, Rüttiger L, Zimmermann U. Advances in the neurobiology of hearing disorders: Recent developments regarding the basis of tinnitus and hyperacusis. Progress in Neurobiology. 2013; 111:17–33. doi: 10.1016/j.pneurobio.2013.08.002 [DOI:10.1016/j.pneurobio.2013.08.002]
29. Barral J, Debû B. Aiming in adults: Sex and laterality effects. Laterality: Asymmetries of Body, Brain and Cognition. 2004; 9(3):299–312. doi: 10.1080/13576500342000158 [DOI:10.1080/13576500342000158]
30. Blough PM, Slavin LK. Reaction time assessments of gender differences in visual spatial performance. Perception & Psychophysics. 1987; 41(3):276–81. doi: 10.3758/bf03208225 [DOI:10.3758/BF03208225]
31. Adam JJ. Gender differences in choice reaction time: Evidence for differential strategies. Ergonomics. 1999; 42(2):327–35. doi: 10.1080/001401399185685 [DOI:10.1080/001401399185685]
32. Karia RM, Ghuntla TP, Mehta HB, Gokhale PA, Shah CJ. Effect of gender difference on visual reaction time: A study on medical students of Bhavnagar region. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy. 2012; 2(3):452–4. doi: 10.9790/3013-0230452454 [DOI:10.9790/3013-0230452454]
33. Sabzi AH. The effect of different fatigue protocols on choice reaction time. Middle East Journal of Scientific Research. 2012; 12(8):1092-6.
34. Silva BARS, Martinez FG, Pacheco AM, Pacheco I. Efeitos da fadiga muscular induzida por exercícios no tempo de reação muscular dos fibulares em indivíduos sadios. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte. 2006; 12(2):85–9. doi: 10.1590/s1517-86922006000200006 [DOI:10.1590/S1517-86922006000200006]
35. Milroy TH. Fatigue studied in reaction time experiments. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Physiology. 1909; 2(3):277–82. doi: 10.1113/expphysiol.1909.sp000040 [DOI:10.1113/expphysiol.1909.sp000040]
36. Yeung SS, Au AL, Chow CC. Effects of fatigue on the temporal neuromuscular control of vastus medialis muscle in humans. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology. 1999; 80(4):379–85. doi: 10.1007/s004210050607 [DOI:10.1007/s004210050607]
37. Özdemir RA, Kirazcı S, Uğraş A. Simple reaction time and decision making performance after different physical workloads: an examination with elite athletes. Journal of Human Sciences. 2010; 7(2):655-70.
38. Bender VL, McGlynn GH. The effect of various levels of strenuous to exhaustive exercise on reaction time. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology. 1976; 35(2):95–101. doi: 10.1007/bf02333799 [DOI:10.1007/BF02333799]
39. Nordlund MM. Central and peripheral contributions to fatigue in relation to level of activation during repeated maximal voluntary isometric plantar flexions. Journal of Applied Physiology. 2003; 96(1):218–25. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00650.2003 [DOI:10.1152/japplphysiol.00650.2003]
40. Hunter SK, Enoka RM. Sex differences in the fatigability of arm muscles depends on absolute force during isometric contractions. Journal of Applied Physiology. 2001; 91(6):2686-94. PMID: 11717235 [DOI:10.1152/jappl.2001.91.6.2686] [PMID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Physical Treatments - Specific Physical Therapy Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb