Volume 13, Issue 2 (Spring- In Press 2023)                   PTJ 2023, 13(2): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Shehada M S, Karimi N, Baraghoosh P, Mohammadi F, Ahmadi A. Prevalence and Factors Associated with Postural Abnormalities in Male Students of Tehran Universities: A Cross-Sectional Study. PTJ 2023; 13 (2)
URL: http://ptj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-565-en.html
1- Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Sport Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Sports Medicine Research Center, Sport Sciences Research Institute, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (87 Views)
Purpose: Postural abnormalities, such as forward head posture, posterior kyphosis, and lumbar lordosis, can lead to discomfort and health problems. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the prevalence of these abnormalities and their association with age, body mass index, and physical activity among male students of Tehran universities.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 400 medical science university students in Tehran to evaluate the relationship between postural abnormalities and associated factors. Participants' demographic data and physical activity levels were collected using questionnaires, and spinal curvature was assessed using a Spinal Mouse device and photogrammetry. Statistical analysis was performed using IBM SPSS software version 22, and a Pearson correlation coefficient was used to examine the relationship between variables.
Results: The study revealed a high prevalence of postural abnormalities, with forward head posture being the most prevalent (84.5%), followed by lumbar lordosis (79.8%), and posterior kyphosis (34.7%). Factors such as age, body mass index, waist-hip ratio, and physical activity were found to be significantly associated with the occurrence of postural abnormalities.
Conclusion: A study on male university students found that forward head posture, posterior kyphosis, and lordosis are common postural abnormalities with varying degrees of occurrence. Forward head posture was the most prevalent type of abnormality. Age and body mass index were correlated with the prevalence of postural abnormalities, with kyphosis being more common among younger students. Body mass index was also significantly related to the prevalence of postural abnormalities, and physical activity was linked to the prevalence of forward head posture.
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2023/03/12 | Accepted: 2023/04/30 | Published: 2023/04/25

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