دوره 7، شماره 4 - ( Winter 2018 -- 1396 )                   جلد 7 شماره 4 صفحات 193-196 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


XML English Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Raeisi F, Arab A M, Adib Hesami M. The Prevalence of Low Back Pain and Its Relation With Backpack Weight Among Iranian Students. PTJ. 2018; 7 (4) :193-196
URL: http://ptj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-332-fa.html
رئیسی فریبا، عرب امیر مسعود، ادیب حسامی مصلح الدین. The Prevalence of Low Back Pain and Its Relation With Backpack Weight Among Iranian Students. فصلنامه فیزیک درمانی. 1396; 7 (4) :193-196

URL: http://ptj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-332-fa.html


1- آموزش و پرورش
چکیده:   (166 مشاهده)
Purpose: Several studies have reported that musculoskeletal disorders and discomforts experienced by children and adolescent students are closely related to the weight of bags or backpacks carried by them. Since students are at growth and spinal development age, attention to the pressures on their bodies is important. These pressures can cause musculoskeletal problems and various growth disorders. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of Low Back Pain (LBP) and its relation with the backpack weight among students.
Methods: This cross-sectional study with non-experimental design was conducted on 2000 elementary and secondary school students (1000 boys and 1000 girls) who were randomly selected from schools in 5 regions of Tehran City, Iran. Students with LBP for more than 6 weeks during the study or during the last 3 years at 3 intervals that each lasted for 1 week or more were listed in a group with LBP and others in a group with no LBP (the control group). The weight of their bags or backpacks was measured over a week, and the average was recorded as the weight of carrying load. The intensity of pain was measured using the Visual Analogue Scale. To examine the prevalence of LBP in students, absolute and relative frequency distribution tests, and for examining the correlation between LBP and weight of backpacks, Independent t test were employed. Furthermore, the Pearson correlation coefficient was used to determine the relationship between the weight of backpacks and the intensity of pain. In addition, logistic regression analysis was used to assess the predictability of LBP based on the backpack weight.
Results: Based on the results, 26% of students had LBP (29.6% girls, and 21.8% boys). Mean±SD scores of LBP in girl and boy students were reported as 3.4±2.8 and 2.3±5.8, respectively. According to t test results, there was a significant difference between the two groups in terms of backpack weight both in girls and boys (P<0.05). The Pearson correlation test results showed a significant correlation between the weight of backpacks and intensity of LBP among boys (r=0.26, P=0.007) and girls (r=0.31, P<0.001). Furthermore, results of logistic regression analysis indicated that the variable of backpack weight can predict LBP (B=0.52, P=0.01).
Conclusion: The weight of the bags or backpacks carried by children and adolescent students has a significant relationship with the prevalence and intensity of LBP in this age group.
متن کامل [PDF 457 kb]   (61 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: عمومى
دریافت: ۱۳۹۶/۴/۱۹ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۶/۸/۳ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۶/۱۰/۱۱

فهرست منابع
1. Dochrell S, Kane C, O'keefe E. Schoolbag weight and the effects of schoolbag carriage on secondary school students. Ergonomics. 2006; 9:216-22.
2. Pascoe DD, Pascoe DE, Wang YT, Shim DM, Kim CK. Influence of carrying book bags on gait cycle and posture of youths. Ergonomics. 1997; 40(6):631-40. [DOI:10.1080/001401397187928] [PMID] [DOI:10.1080/001401397187928]
3. Shamsoddini A, Hollisaz M, Hafezi R. Backpack weight and musculoskeletal symptoms in secondary school students, Tehran, Iran. Iranian Journal of Public Health. 2010; 39(4):120-5. [PMID] [PMCID] [PMID] [PMCID]
4. Sheir-Neiss GI, Kruse RW, Rahman T, Jacobson LP, Pelli JA. The association of backpack use and back pain in adolescents. Spine. 2003; 28(9):922-30. [DOI:10.1097/01.BRS.0000058725.18067.F7] [PMID] [DOI:10.1097/01.BRS.0000058725.18067.F7]
5. Puckree T, Silal S, Lin J. School bag carriage and pain in school children. Disability & Rehabilitation. 2004; 26(1):54-9. [DOI:10.1080/09638280310001616376] [PMID] [DOI:10.1080/09638280310001616376]
6. Negrini S, Carabalona R. Backpacks on! Schoolchildren's perceptions of load, associations with back pain and factors determining the load. Spine. 2002; 27(2):187-95. [DOI:10.1097/00007632-200201150-00014] [PMID] [DOI:10.1097/00007632-200201150-00014]
7. Kanlayanaphotporn R, Lam L, Williams M, Trott P, Fulton I. Adolescent versus adult responses to vertical spinal loading. Ergonomics. 2001; 44(15):1384-91. [DOI:10.1080/00148130110109694] [PMID] [DOI:10.1080/00148130110109694]
8. Lai JP, Jones AY. The effect of shoulder-girdle loading by a school bag on lung volumes in Chinese primary school children. Early Human Development. 2001; 62(1):79-86. [DOI:10.1016/S0378-3782(01)00121-9] [DOI:10.1016/S0378-3782(01)00121-9]
9. Chansirinukor W, Dansie B, Wilson D, Grimmer K. Effects of backpacks on students: Measurement of cervical and shoulder posture. Australian Journal of physiotherapy. 2001; 47(2):110-6. [DOI:10.1016/S0004-9514(14)60302-0] [DOI:10.1016/S0004-9514(14)60302-0]
10. Calvo Muoz I, Gómez Conesa A, Sánchez Meca J. Prevalence of low back pain in children and adolescents: A meta-analysis. BMC Pediatrics. 2013; 13:14. [DOI:10.1186/1471-2431-13-14] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1186/1471-2431-13-14]
11. Kordi R, Rostami M. Low back pain in children and adolescents: An algorithmic clinical approach. Iranian Journal of Pediatrics. 2011; 21(3):259-70. [PMID] [PMCID] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. Skaggs DL, Early SD, D'Ambra P, Tolo VT, Kay RM. Back pain and backpacks in school children. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 2006; 26(3):358-63. [DOI:10.1097/01.bpo.0000217723.14631.6e] [PMID] [DOI:10.1097/01.bpo.0000217723.14631.6e]
13. Mohseni-Bandpay MA, Bagheri-Nasami M, Fakhri M, Ahmad-Shirvani M, Khaliliyan AR. [Prevalence and risk factors of low back pain in school children age 11-14 years (Persian)]. Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences. 2005; 7(1):79-83.
14. Negrini S, Carabalona R, Sibilla P. Backpack as a daily load for schoolchildren. The Lancet. 1999; 354(9194):1974. [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(99)04520-1] [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(99)04520-1]
15. Watson KD, Papageorgiou AC, Jones GT, Taylor S, Symmons DP, Silman AJ, et al. Low back pain in schoolchildren: The role of mechanical and psychosocial factors. Archives of Disease in Childhood. 2003; 88(1):12-7. [DOI:10.1136/adc.88.1.12] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1136/adc.88.1.12]
16. Feldman DE, Shrier I, Rossignol M, Abenhaim L. Risk factors for the development of low back pain in adolescence. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2001; 154(1):30-6. [DOI:10.1093/aje/154.1.30] [PMID] [DOI:10.1093/aje/154.1.30]
17. Olsen TL, Anderson RL, Dearwater SR, Kriska AM, Cauley JA, Aaron DJ, et al. The epidemiology of low back pain in an adolescent population. American Journal of Public Health. 1992; 82(4):606-8. [DOI:10.2105/AJPH.82.4.606] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.2105/AJPH.82.4.606]
18. Wedderkopp N, Leboeuf Yde C, Andersen LB, Froberg K, Hansen HS. Back pain reporting pattern in a Danish population-based sample of children and adolescents. Spine. 2001; 26(17):1879-83. [DOI:10.1097/00007632-200109010-00012] [PMID] [DOI:10.1097/00007632-200109010-00012]

ارسال نظر درباره این مقاله : نام کاربری یا پست الکترونیک شما:
CAPTCHA code

ارسال پیام به نویسنده مسئول


کلیه حقوق این وب سایت متعلق به فیزیک درمانی- نشریه تخصصی فیزیوتراپی می باشد.

طراحی و برنامه نویسی : یکتاوب افزار شرق

© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Physical Treatments - Specific Physical Therapy Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb