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Majid Barzegari, Seyed Sadredin Shojaedin, Mohammad Bayat Tork,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (Winter 2019)

Purpose: of the most critical changes in the elderly is the weakness in keeping their balance that can expose them to severe injury risks. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of 8 weeks of strength, balance, and combined (strength and balance) training programs on the dynamic and static balance of inactive older men.
Methods: Forty older men, who were the members of Robat Karim Social Security Retirement Association, voluntarily participated in this study. The subjects were randomly assigned to 1. The strength training group; 2. The balance training group; 3. The combined (strength and balance) training group; and 4. The control group. To assess the samples’ static balance, we used the Sharpened Romberg test. Also, their dynamic balance was assessed by the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT). To analyze the difference in means between groups variables in the pre-test and post-test, the Paired t-test and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) with Tukey’s post hoc test were used. The significance level was set at P≤0.05.
Results: The results of this study showed that strength, balance, and combined exercise programs improved the dynamic and static balance of older men (P=0.001).
Conclusion: Balance is essential for everyday activities for all people, especially older adults. To reduce the probability of falling in older adults, we recommend applying strength, balance, and combined exercise programs for improving balance in these people.

Majid Barzegari, Sadredin Shojaedin, Zahra Karimi,
Volume 9, Issue 4 (Autumn 2019)

Background: The present study investigated the effect of a 4-week training with Total Resistance Exercises (TRX) on performance and balance in healthy children.
Methods: In total, 26 children aged 12-16 years were purposefully selected. Then, the study subjects were randomly divided into two groups of TRX (n=13) and control (n=13). The static and dynamic balance and performance were measured by Sharpened Romberg Test, Y Balance Test, and Functional Movement Screen (FMS), respectively. The experimental group performed TRX for 4 weeks; three 55-minute sessions per week. The obtained data were analyzed using statistical tests, including t-test and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) in SPSS.
Results: The t-test results suggested a significant difference between the pretest-posttest scores of all variables assessed in the experimental group (P≤0.05). In addition, ANCOVA results indicated that performing TRX significantly improved the balance and FMS score in the experimental group, compared to the controls (P≤0.05).
Conclusion: Conducting 4 weeks of TRX training significantly improved static and dynamic balance and FMS values in healthy children; therefore, coaches can use these exercises to improve balance and performance and prevent injury in this group.

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