دوره 11، شماره 3 - ( 4-1400 )                   جلد 11 شماره 3 صفحات 144-139 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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چکیده:   (1242 مشاهده)
A lot of time is spent on exercising the body parts while the lips are neglected, despite the evidence on the wide-ranging effects of lips on overall health and quality of life. Oral rehabilitation by Patakara lip muscle trainer leads to a strong lip closure which can stand as the first-line defense mechanism against many oral dysfunctions related to aging. In the absence of a narrative review presented on this trainer, this paper focuses on the components, instructions for use, and oral health indications of the Patakara lip muscle trainer. This trainer could enhance many oral dysfunctions in the elderly as oral breathing, snoring, halitosis, dry mouth, and oral/gastrointestinal dysfunction, but future studies are needed in this field.
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: عمومى
دریافت: 1399/7/13 | پذیرش: 1399/12/3 | انتشار: 1400/4/10

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