Volume 12, Issue 2 (Spring 2022)                   PTJ 2022, 12(2): 113-122 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shiraz university, Shiraz, Iran.
Abstract:   (262 Views)
Purpose: Despite the widespread use of cryotherapy in sports, there is no specific evidence of its impact on muscle activation, especially following fatigue-induced exercises. This study aimed to assess the impact of cryotherapy alone and after plyometric exercises on knee muscle activation during the drop jump task.
Methods: A total of 35 active female subjects (mean±SD age of 22.74±2.10 years, mean body mass index [BMI] of 20.02±2.55 kg/m2) participated in this quasi-experimental study with a pretest-Post-test design. There were three experimental groups (20-minute cryotherapy, plyometric, and plyometric-cryotherapy) and a control group. Electromyography (EMG) amplitudes of knee muscle activation (rectus femoris [RF], biceps femoris [BF], tibialis anterior [TA], medial gastrocnemius [MG]) were measured and compared in three phases of the drop-jump task (one feedforward preactivation and two feedback eccentric and concentric phases). Skin temperature was recorded before and after cooling intervention as well. For comparisons, repeated measure analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used at a significant level of 0.05.
Results: The results showed that the skin temperature decreased significantly after cryotherapy and was maintained for 20 minutes. No significant changes were observed in the EMG of knee muscles in the feedforward and concentric phase of the drop jump task in any groups (P>0.05). However, RF activation decreased following cryotherapy immediately and after 20 minutes as an eccentric phase (P=0.01) and had a significant difference from the control group (P=0.01); besides, EMG activation decreased in cryotherapy, plyometric, and plyometric-cryotherapy groups immediately (P=0.01). However, no significant differences were seen between them and the control group (P>0.05).
Conclusion: According to the present results, cryotherapy alone and after fatigue-induced plyometric training had a minor effect on the knee muscle activation during a functional jumping movement, but the impact of these changes on knee biomechanics is insignificant; hence, further studies are essential for a better conclusion. 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/02/16 | Accepted: 2022/04/5 | Published: 2022/04/1

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